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India is an enormous country and although there is excellent land transport links throughout the country, these are often over crowded and uncomfortable and the distance between major centres requires lengthy journeys. It is for these reasons that internal flights within India are so popular. With such a comprehensive selection of internal flight routes, air travel within India offers excellent access to destinations throughout the country. With a reputation for having somewhat chaotic airports, the countryâ€™s larger air hubs have undergone renovations and facilities have improved dramatically over recent years.
Presently, there are as many as 126 airports in India, which includes 11 international, 89 domestic and 26 civil enclaves at Defense airfields. The Airports Authority of India manages all major airports throughout the country. India is now well on the way to having some much improved, glossy new airport terminals. However, this hasnâ€™t been with without major inconvenience to passengers. In addition, congested runways at many airports add to flight delays.
Bombay Airport, India Mumbai Airport
Mumbai has two Airports-The Chattrapathi Shivaji International Airport and Santa Cruz Domestic Airport.At a height of 26 feet above mean sea level, The Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport serves as one of India's major international airports.
Indira Gandhi International Airport, India New Delhi Airport
Indira Gandhi International (IGI) Airport (IATA: DEL, ICAO: VIDP), located in the city of Delhi, India is one of India's main domestic and international gateways. Earlier known as Palam Airport, it was renamed IGI airport with the inauguration of a new international terminal
Cochin Airport Kerala, India CIAL Airport
Cochin International Airport is one of the country's youngest Airports with modern facilities and conveniences.Located at Nedumbassery, which is about 30 kms off Kochi (Cochin) city,this is the first airport in India that was constructed with private participation ,outside the ambit of Airport Authority of India. Government of Kerala, Non-Resident Indians from over 30 countries
Rajiv Gandhi Hyderabad International Airport Hyderabad Airport
Begumpet Airport (IATA: HYD, ICAO: VOHY) at Hyderabad, also known as Hyderabad Airport, is currently the only international airport in Andhra Pradesh. It is a civil enclave located in Begumpet. The airport is host to the Andhra Pradesh Aviation Academy and the Begumpet Air Force Station of the Indian Air Force as well.
Chennai Airport Tamil Nadu, India formerly Madras
Madras International Airport is situated at Tirisulam, 7 Km south of Chennai. It has two terminals, Kamaraj Terminal, handles domestic flights connecting 20 destinations across the country with Chennai. The International Terminal, named Anna Terminal, connects major destinations.
Bengaluru International Airport Bangalore Airport
Bengaluru International Airport IATA: BLR, ICAO: VOBL) is an international airport serving the city of Bangalore. The airport is the fourth busiest airport in India after Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai. The airport is host to 10 domestic airlines and 21 international airlines connecting the city to about 50 destinations across India and the world.
The international Netaji Subhash Airport (Dum Dum Airport) is 20 kms from the city. Most of the domestic airlines have direct services to and from Kolkata-Kolkata to other important cities of India such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Patna, Varanasi, Lucknow, Bangalore.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport (Gujarati) (IATA: AMD, ICAO: VAAH) is India's eighth busiest airport with an average of 250 aircraft movements a day. It services the metropolitan areas of two cities in the State of Gujarat - Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar - and is located 8 km (5.0 miles) from the Ahmedabad Railway Station.
Raja Sansi International Airport
The Raja Sansi International Airport at Amritsar (IATA: ATQ, ICAO: VIAR), is also known as Guru Ram Das International Airport and is located about 11km from the city centre. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Singapore as well as London and Birmingham and Toronto
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport Guwahati Airport
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport (IATA: GAU, ICAO: VEGT), also known as Guwahati International Airport and formerly as Borjhar Airport, is the airport of Guwahati, Assam, India. The airport is managed by Airports Authority of India and also serves as Indian Air Force base.
Full List of Airports in India
Lists by ICAO location indicator, Lists by state or union territory
India is dotted with airports handling national and international flights. India's airport network efficiently caters to the millions of travelers and tourists coming to visit the country. Due to this India's travel and tourism industry is booming and benefiting the country's economy. India has more than 20 international airports and several domestic airports. The important airports in India include Indira Gandhi International Airport of New Delhi, Chattrapati Shivaji International Airport of Mumbai, Begumpet Airport of Hyderabad, Calicut International Airport of Calicut, Chennai International Airport of Chennai, Cochin International Airport Limited of Cochin, HAL Airport of Bangalore, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport of Kolkata, Raja Sansi International Airport of Amritsar, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport of Ahmedabad and Trivandrum International Airport of Trivandrum.
India has many airports that come with a `special tag' due to peculiarities and complexities involved in the landing and take-off procedures for aircraft at these airports.
Typically, airports located in hilly and mountainous regions, and those adjacent to water bodies like rivers and seas are classified as `special'.
The Mangalore airport is one among the list of such airports. Others include the ones in Srinagar, Leh, Port Blair, Calicut, and Agatti in Lakshadweep. The Vizag airport used to be on this list up until a new airport was built.
The runways at the airports in Leh and Port Blair are unidirectional, which means aircraft can only land and take off in one direction irrespective of the direction of the wind
The Mangalore airport is situated on a hillock, and the runway is built on a flat stretch of land, with either ends of the runway sloping downwards. So, if a pilot misjudges his landing or take-off, the aircraft will overshoot the runway and go down hill. Which is what seems to have happened to AirIndia Express flight IX-812.
At the Calicut airport, pilots have to keep a close watch on the hills situated close by. At Agatti, the runway is very small, with tall trees on one side of the airport. At Srinagar airport, there are high wind speeds and a mountainous topography
Kathmandu in Nepal is another airport where pilots have to take special precautions, as the landing and take-off paths are through mountains.
ICAO The location indicator assigned by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
IATA The airport code assigned by the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
Civil enclave: Civil enclaves at a military airport
Closed/former: Closed or former airport
Domestic: Airport which handles only domestic flights
Future: Airport under construction
International: Airport typically equipped with customs and immigration facilities to handle international flights
Military: Military airbase
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